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Caecilian wynaad1.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Gymnophiona
Clade: Apoda
Family: Ichthyophiidae
Genus: Ichthyophis
Fitzinger, 1826

See text

  • Epicrium Wagler, 1828
  • Caudacaecilia Taylor, 1968

Ichthyophis is a genus of caecilians (limbless amphibians, sometimes called the Asian caecilians) found in Southeast Asia, the southern Philippines, and the western Indo-Australian Archipelago.

In Sri Lanka, three species occur. All are found in almost all habitats, but are known to prefer moist ones. The most common is Ichthyophis glutinosus, which is found in almost all altitudes; the others are I. orthoplicatus, which is found in similar habitat to I. glutinosus, but will not be found in lowlands below 460 metres (1,510 ft) above sea level; and I. pseudangularis, found in lowlands below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) ASL. A new species was recently discovered called Ichthyophis multicolor.


Binomial name and author Common name
Ichthyophis acuminatus Taylor, 1960 pointed-headed caecilian
Ichthyophis alfredi Mathew & Sen, 2009
Ichthyophis asplenius Taylor, 1965
Ichthyophis atricollaris Taylor, 1965 Long Bloee caecilian
Ichthyophis bannanicus Yang, 1984 Banna caecilian
Ichthyophis beddomei Peters, 1880 yellow-striped caecilian
Ichthyophis bernisi Salvador, 1975 Indonesian caecilian
Ichthyophis biangularis Taylor, 1965 angular caecilian
Ichthyophis billitonensis Taylor, 1965 Billiton Island caecilian
Ichthyophis bombayensis Taylor, 1960 Bombay caecilian
Ichthyophis cardamomensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cardamom Mountains caecilian
Ichthyophis catlocensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cat Loc caecilian
Ichthyophis chaloensis Geissler et al., 2014 Cha Lo caecilian
Ichthyophis daribokensis Mathew & Sen, 2009
Ichthyophis dulitensis Taylor, 1960 Mount Dulit caecilian
Ichthyophis elongatus Taylor, 1965 elongated caecilian
Ichthyophis garoensis Pillai & Ravichandran, 1999 Garo Hills caecilian
Ichthyophis glandulosus Taylor, 1923 Basilan Island caecilian
Ichthyophis glutinosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Ceylon caecilian
Ichthyophis humphreyi Taylor, 1973 Humphrey's caecilian
Ichthyophis hypocyaneus (Boie, 1827) Bantam caecilian
Ichthyophis javanicus Taylor, 1960 Javan caecilian
Ichthyophis khumhzi Kamei et al., 2007 Khumhzi striped ichthyophis
Ichthyophis kodaguensis Wilkinson, Gower, Govindappa & Venkatachalaiah, 2007 Kodagu striped caecilian
Ichthyophis kohtaoensis Taylor, 1960 Koa Tao Island caecilian
Ichthyophis lakimi Nishikawa, Matsui & Yambun, 2012
Ichthyophis laosensis Taylor, 1969 Upper Laos caecilian
Ichthyophis larutensis Taylor, 1960
Ichthyophis longicephalus Pillai, 1986 long-headed caecilian
Ichthyophis mindanaoensis Taylor, 1960 Mindanao Island caecilian
Ichthyophis monochrous (Bleeker, 1858) Western Borneo caecilian
Ichthyophis moustakius Kamei et al., 2007
Ichthyophis multicolor Wilkinson et al., 2014
Ichthyophis nguyenorum Nishikawa, Matsui, and Orlov, 2012
Ichthyophis nigroflavus Taylor, 1960
Ichthyophis nokrekensis Mathew & Sen, 2009
Ichthyophis orthoplicatus Taylor, 1965 Pattipola caecilian
Ichthyophis paucidentulus Taylor, 1960
Ichthyophis paucisulcus Taylor, 1960 Siantar caecilian
Ichthyophis pauli Nishikawa, Matsui, Sudin & Wong, 2013
Ichthyophis pseudangularis Taylor, 1965 Taylor's caecilian
Ichthyophis sendenyu Kamei et al., 2007
Ichthyophis sikkimensis Taylor, 1960 Sikkimese caecilian
Ichthyophis singaporensis Taylor, 1960 Singapore caecilian
Ichthyophis sumatranus Taylor, 1960 Sumatra caecilian
Ichthyophis supachaii Taylor, 1960 Supachai's caecilian
Ichthyophis tricolor Annandale, 1909 three-colored caecilian
Ichthyophis weberi Taylor, 1920
Ichthyophis youngorum Taylor, 1960 Doi Suthep caecilian


  1. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2019). "Ichthyophis". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  • Geissler, P.; Poyarkov, N. A. Jr.; Grismer, L.; Nguyen, T. Q.; An, H. T.; Neang, T.; Kupfer, A.; Ziegler, T.; Böhme, W.; Müller, H. (2014-12-24). "New Ichthyophis species from Indochina (Gymnophiona, Ichthyophiidae): 1. The unstriped forms with descriptions of three new species and the redescriptions of I. acuminatus Taylor, 1960, I. youngorum Taylor, 1960 and I. laosensis Taylor, 1969". Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 15: 143–174. doi:10.1007/s13127-014-0190-6.
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Ichthyophis. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 13, 2008).
  • Himstedt, Werner (2000). "Caecilian Ecology". In Hofrichter, Robert (ed.). Amphibians: The World of Frogs, Toads, Salamanders and Newts. New York: Firefly. pp. 186–190. ISBN 978-1-55209-541-6.